Available Modes of Burn Treatment
The degrees of injuries are classified between first and third depending on the skin layer affected. Those categorized as first degree affect the top most layer of the skin known as the epidermis. Second degree injuries not only affect the epidermis but also the layer just below it referred to as the dermis.
The most serious type of injury referred to as the third degree affects both the aforementioned layers and the regions beyond them. The extent of the injuries also determines the symptoms that are seen. Individuals suffering from first degree injuries will experience reddening and pain of the layer of skin affected.
Blistering, redness and swelling are some of the symptoms that those having second degree injuries will suffer from. Looking at the skin of those having third degree injuries reveal blackened or white layers that can sometimes be desensitized. Products classified as used for skin care are sometimes utilized for first degree injuries.
The items used include antibiotics, creams and pain medications with those belonging to second degree being managed through the use of antibiotic creams. Registered health professionals prescribe the medications used. Depending on the extent of injuries, those categorized under third degree injuries can require grafting of skin.
Administration of intra venous products including antibiotics and fluids are done for the purposes of preventing infections and replacement of fluids. It is important to remember that management of such injuries may require cleansing and dressing of wounds. Administration of the treatment plans focus on resuscitation and subsequent stabilization of injured individuals.
Wounds received from the injuries should only be dealt with once the patients are in stable condition. If the wounds affect the airways of the individuals, a process involving intubation may be utilized to stabilize them. Prevention of further injury can be via cooling during the early stages.
It is important to note that whenever surface areas affected surpass a certain percentage the use of intravenous fluids is inevitable. The percentage in the younger population is less than that in adults. The former considered percentage is 10% whereas in adults is greater than this by about 5%. Volume resuscitation for the affected individuals is done using a predetermined method known as Parkland formula.
The formula is used in determining the exact amount to be administered to affected individuals within the 24 hours subsequent to the occurrence of the injury. Those who have suffered burns along their airway do require extra amounts of fluid.
A balance must be maintained in regards to fluid infusion so as to prevent renal damage, death or morbidity. Constant evaluation of associated wounds should be established until proper healing is achieved. Those suffering from minor burns do sometimes utilize home treatments to achieve healing.
First aid for such injuries is important in that they may prevent the development of otherwise serious degrees of associated injuries. The source of the injury should be put off as soon as is possible. Chemical sources of injuries have their effects managed as one would deal with poisons.
When managing individuals with such injuries, care should be taken to ensure that jewels present are removed before any swelling occurs. The covering of affected areas is done to prevent occurrence of infections. It is important to remember that the placement of ice on affected areas may lead to further destruction.
Oily or butter containing compounds are not good for such injuries as they increase the extent of damage. Those looking to assist the victims should ensure that they do not get hurt themselves. Management of the injuries involves preventing the occurrences of infection during the healing process. It is advisable for victims to wear clothing that are loose and natural to avoid skin irritation.
Injuries classified as those belonging to the first degree category are usually managed through a three pronged approach. The first step involves cooling the region that has been affected using cooling liquids like water. Sterile dressings for example gauzes are then used to cover the areas affected.
During the covering stage, it is imperative to remember that the pressure placed on the skin should not be excessive. Regions affected should be protected from any kind of injury to avoid further destruction.
Those having blisters should ensure that they do not in any way cause them to break as such scenarios make occurrences of infections easier. There are cases where advice is given by health professionals in regards to victims receiving tetanus shots. They may be required to get booster shots of the vaccine.
When administering medications to victims who belong to the younger age group, it is important to ensure that the drugs are suitable for them. Scenarios involving smoke inhalation are considered more serious and do require input from health professionals. Victims who have conditions that are pre existing are more susceptible to associated complications.
Giving such information to the professionals charged with caring for the affected individuals is therefore paramount. Those who have immune systems that are compromised should visit health facilities as soon as possible after the accident. Pregnant women who have been affected should undergo a health check up to ensure they are safe.
Those belonging to the older age group specifically those who are 60 years and above need special care after such accidents. Referring them to qualified professionals should be considered by the ones assisting them. Information concerning the chemical that caused the injuries should be relayed to health practitioners to assist in managing the conditions.
Factors determining the type of burn treatment to administer are varied depending on the specific situation being dealt with. First aid should be carried out as soon as possible to avoid further damage. The role of health professionals in the management of such injuries cannot be over emphasized with their assistance leading to saving of lives.